However, cambodia is still at the early stage of its agricultural transition, as evidenced by its limited levels of investment and land productivity in comparison to regional neighbors. Indicators of agricultural transformation at 5 percent agricultural growth 87 table 44. On 5 april 1995, cambodia, lao peoples democratic republic, thailand and viet nam signed an agreement for the development of the mekong river. Current situation on agriculture, water and food security. This case study report comprises the overview of agriculture sector and foreign investment in agriculture in cambodia, policies and regulations affecting the foreign investment in. A world bank report, cambodian agriculture in transition. Proposed indicators and targets for a longterm vision for cambodian agriculture 91 table 46. Agriculture and fishing open development cambodia odc.
Opportunities and risks, prepared with the support of the australian government. Along with farming rice, households juggle a range of activities. Pdf development of agricultural cooperative in cambodia. Founded in the netherlands in 1965, we have built a longterm, local presence in many of the poorest countries in asia, africa and latin america. Agriculture plays a vital role in cambodia s economy, accounting for about 28. According to irri statistics, there is about 50 000 ha of upland rice in cambodia 24% of total rice area. Cambodias strategic advantages lie principally in the availability of natural resources and manpower, which at present are underutilised.
Focusing on water management and sustainable agriculture 5 7 september 20, niigata, japan cambodia country report on agriculture, water and food security ministry of agriculture, forestry and fisheries, cambodia. A study from the agriculture ministry released in june 2017 found that around 40 percent of the population work in farming, down from about 80 percent in 1993. The cambodia agricultural value chain program cavac cavacaims. Preparing and accessing decent work amongst rural youth in. Cambodia country fact sheet on food and agriculture policy.
Agriculture remains the most important sector of the cambodian economy in terms of its share of the gross domestic product gdp, and it employs the vast majority of the workforce. Agricultural production is mainly shifting cultivation with rainfed rice production. Cambodian agriculture adaptation to climate change impact. Pdf the study development of the agricultural cooperative in cambodia seek to explore the progress of agricultural cooperative ac development in. Rice is cambodias major crop, its principal food, and, in times of peace, its most important export commodity. Cambodia is one of the worlds most forest endowed countries that has not yet been drastically deforested. On average, agricultural gdp growth in cambodia has lagged behind the industrial.
However, poverty is highest among those relying on farming for their living so the rural population is vulnerable, especially to natural disasters. Cambodia agriculture, forestry, and fishing britannica. Eighty percent of cambodias population resides in rural areas, and around 37 percent of the total workforce was directly engaged in the agriculture sector in 2017. Iwmi aciar investing in water management to improve. Kampot pepper agricultural cooperative legal status. Agricultural production open development cambodia odc. Angkor chey i village, domnak kantout kharng tbong commune, kampong trach district, kampot province telephonefax.
Rice production, a vital economic indicator in cambodia s agrarian society, frequently fell far short of targets, causing severe food shortages in 1979, 1981, 1984, and 1987 the plans 1987 target for the total area to be devoted to rice cultivation was 1. The findings are intended to feed into the country assistance program evaluation. Cambodia food and agriculture organization of the united nations. The countrys agricultural resources consist primarily of 3. Foreign direct investment in agriculture oxfam in cambodia. It only requires updating with the help of new data that are constantly retrieved from publishers databases and other sources.
Agriculture is and will remain an important industry to cambodia s development, as the agriculture sector contributes 30% of cambodia s gdp and employs the majority of cambodia s population. Cambodian farming systems are largely subsistence oriented and most agricultural activity is based on low input and rainfed production systems centered on paddy rice production. Cambodia s economic development has been impressive, posting solid economic growth and dramatic reductions in poverty over the last decade. Attention is not provided to other more lucrative crops. Agriculture accounted for 90 percent of gdp in 1985 and employed approximately 80 percent of the work force. Under the agreement, the mekong river committee became the mekong river commission. Swidden agriculture has been the main source of livelihood in the highlands for centuries except for during the khmer rouge regime 1970. Kampot pepper trading, imperial rina grou, gh cambodia, khmer agriculture derivatives corporatio, pa development merchants co ltd, medtecs, keo chansothea. The performance so far has not been promising, with official agriculture exports mainly rubber accounting for less than 2% of total exports. Agriculture continues to play an important role in cambodias economy, but it provides a livelihood for a smaller proportion of todays population than it did in the past.
Status and prospect of agricultural mechanization in cambodia. Ministry of agriculture in order to overcome challenges in the agricultural sector and respond to crises that may arise through partnerships and collaboration among relevant stakeholders. Agricultural extension policy in cambodia unofficial translation 1 agricultural extension policy in cambodia 1. Cambodia has huge potential to develop agriculture industry since it has vast flat fertile land and about 80 percent of its population living in the rural area. Analysis indicators tool wri cait, cambodias 20 ghg profile was dominated by emissions from the landuse change and forestry lucf sector, which accounted for 47.
Business information about company profile, email, tel, phone, fax. Cambodia is a low income country in the southeast asia region. Poor quality seeds hinder the agricultural sectors ability to reach its full potential. Agriculture remains the backbone of cambodia s economy 80 percent of its population lives in rural areas and depends primarily on agricultural production for food supply, family income, and livelihood. The team is grateful to the cambodian authorities, particularly the ministry of economy and finance and the national bank of cambodia for their cooperation and support. Local institutions for irrigated agriculture in cambodia. The ceu, produced biannually, provides uptodate information on macroeconomic developments in cambodia. In spite of cambodia being selfsufficient in rice and having an exportable surplus, the ricebased. Agriculture has the potential to be an engine for economic growth and food security in cambodia, but the country must improve its production and postharvest infrastructure, streamline the business environment, and increase capacity for financial services to reach rural entrepreneurs. Changes of indicators of ag transformation at 3 percent comp. Furthermore, the sle was asked to provide a practitioners guide to assess skills and training needs focusing on rural youth aged 1517. Cambodia cambodia agriculture, forestry, and fishing.
Saroeun bou and socheat ath helped with the press release, logistic support, web display. Rice is cambodia s major crop, its principal food, and, in times of peace, its most important export commodity. Coraa was established as a domestic organization where cambodian stakeholders, especially those from the privatesectors will have ownership and take leadership in promoting organic agriculture in cambodia in contrast to a rather donorpromoted organic agriculture movement. Coordinating capacity building towards open data initiatives for sdgs the case of cambodia lay chhan national institute of statistics, cambodia international seminar on open data for sdgs 2527 september 2017, seoul, republic of korea. Cambodia food and agriculture organization of the united. Growth fell to around 1% between 20 and 2017, from 4. Some forest policies have been reformed however the causes of deforestation cannot be fixed solely through policy.
The agriculture sector benefits from the mekong river, which flows through the flat lowland plains in the. Agriculture is one of the most complex industries since it involves many stakeholders in different sectors. Under the national motto, nation, religion, king, the royal government of cambodia rgc has pursued a progressive development agenda. Pdf on sep 4, 2014, sinh chao and others published status and prospect of agricultural mechanization in cambodia find, read and cite all the research you need on researchgate. However, agricultural and technical training is of an uneven quality and quantity, despite the importance of agriculture to the economy. As a matter of policy, the cambodian government encourages investment in agriculture, diversification of agricultural products, and investment in. Principal opportunities relate to domestic and export markets for agricultural products. Development of cambodias agriculture sector cambodia has achieved a robust growthof 7. Kingdo m of ca mbodia national institute of statistics. We work with local partners to equip communities, businesses and organisations with the tools, knowledge and. International,water,management,institute,colombo,srilanka. Its 181,035 square kilometres are bordered by thailand to the northwest, laos to the northeast, and vietnam to the east.
Highlights download report pdf sections in this edition. Agriculture is the traditional mainstay of the cambodian economy. This case study report comprises the overview of agriculture sector and foreign investment in agriculture in cambodia, policies and regulations affecting the foreign investment in agriculture, impact of the investment in the agriculture sector and policy recommendations. Opportunities and risks, cofinanced by the world bank and australian government, raises concerns and suggests ways to ensure agriculture continues to be a driver of growth and poverty reduction. There are also at least 47 ngos and development projects involved in promoting sri in different parts of cambodia. Over 90 percent of the poor live in rural areas and rely on. The cambodian context the population of cambodia is approximately 14.
Organic agriculture and food processing in cambodia. Cambodian agriculture in transition world bank documents. As of 2015, the country has one of the highest rates of deforestation in the world deforestation has directly resulted from poorly managed commercial logging, fuel wood collection, agricultural. Agriculture, irrigation and poverty reduction in cambodia. Migration can be an important component of wider household livelihood strategies and an important strategy for coping with shocks and crises, but also creates its own risks and vulnerabilities. Opportunities and risks may 19, 2015 agriculture global practice east asia and pacific region. Chinese agriculture in cambodia agriculture is central to the lives of millions of cambodian people, and according to the 20 cambodian agriculture census around 85% of rural cambodian households are engaged in some form of agriculture related activity. Representing over 50% of the agricultural workforce, and with significantly higher illiteracy adult rates than men, women are particularly vulnerable to. Cambodia country report on agriculture, water and food security. Some 75 percent of cambodia s women are employed in agriculture, according to the world bank. Agriculture continues to play an important role in cambodia s economy, but it provides a livelihood for a smaller proportion of todays population than it did in the past. Modernising agriculture to improve productivity and competitiveness according to recent data from the economy and finance ministry, the average annual growth of the cambodia s agricultural sector has dropped significantly. As such, they bear a disproportionate burden of the impact of climate change as each of these sectors is experiencing the affects of climate change. Cambodia country report on agriculture, water and food.
The cambodia development resource institute cdri organized and conducted this study. Agriculture remains a key driver of the cambodian economy. Climate change and agriculture in cambodia larger towns and cities of cambodia, as well as in neighbouring countries. Ifc to stepup sustainable agriculture in cambodia khmer. A survey of recent trends 1 introduction cambodia is located in southeast asia and has a population of around 15 million, the majority of whom live in rural areas. The land and people of cambodia at a glance the kingdom of cambodia is located in the southern portion of the indochina peninsula in southeast asia. Iwmi aciar investing in water management to improve productivity of ricebased farming systems in cambodia project. Yields increased for all crops by 4% during 20042012.
On the fourth and open side, cambodia faces the gulf of thailand. Tolentino economic policy adviser adb ta 3721cam supreme national economic council snec. Agriculture is and will remain an important industry to cambodias development, as the agriculture sector contributes 30% of cambodias gdp and employs the majority of cambodias population. Cambodia 5 cambodia was a member of the mekong river committee between 1957 and 1975. Development of cambodia s agriculture sector cambodia has achieved a robust growthof 7. Enhancing private sector commercialization of agriculture machinery in cambodia mechanization webinar appropriate scale mechanization consortium and swisscontact, feb 26, 2019 rajiv pradhan, program manager, migip on behalf of the migip team. The strategy defines eight main courses of action including 30. Most cambodian farmers are smallholders with less than two hectares per household. List of agriculture in cambodia companies, suppliers, manufacturers in cambodia. The rural poor in cambodia subsist on a combination of different strategies that are largely dependent on natural resources, including agriculture, fisheries and forestry. Cambodia country development cooperation strategy 20142020 pdf 1 mb the majority of cambodia s population is engaged in an agriculture sector that is both inefficient and undiversified. Chhay than senior minister, minister of planning chairman h. Provisional population totals of general population census of cambodia 2019 cambodia economic census.
Cambodian agriculture adaptation to climate change. Located in southeast asia, cambodia is one of the fastest developing countries in asia, with an average gdp growth. Agriculture and rural development sector in cambodia this sector assistance program evaluation aims to provide an independent sectorlevel assessment of adbs assistance to the agriculture and rural development ard sector in cambodia. Agricultural water management planning in cambodia. The 2019 april cambodia economic update ceu was prepared by sodeth ly, with contributions from miguel eduardo sanchez martin, runsinarith phim, linna ky, kimsun tong, anne marie provo, somil nagpal, phyrum kov and ekaterine vashakmadze. Ifc to stepup sustainable agriculture in cambodia khmer times.
About the asian development bank rural development for cambodia. We work with local partners to equip communities, businesses and organisations with the tools, knowledge and connections. Enhancing private sector commercialization of agriculture. Since 2004, there is a national sri secretariat hosted by maffs department of agronomy and agriculture land improvement with technical support from cedac and funding support from gtz german technical cooperation agency, oxfam america and gb, fao and heks a swiss ngo. Agriculture contributed 37 percent to the gdp and employed about 67 percent of the workforce in 2012. Agriculture and rural development sector in cambodia. Cambodia s strategic advantages lie principally in the availability of natural resources and manpower, which at present are underutilised. The last decade was golden for cambodian agriculture. The main products from the agriculture sector are rice, rubber, corn, vegetables, cashews and cassava. However, massive deforestation for economic development threatens its forests and ecosystems. The cambodia, including its enthusiastic readers and critics.
Issues linked to low irrigation coverage is further exacerbated as government systems allow water to be supplied only for paddy due to its status as a staple crop. This case study report comprises the overview of agriculture sector and foreign investment in agriculture in cambodia, policies and. Agriculture remains the backbone of cambodias economy 80 percent of its population lives in rural areas and depends primarily on agricultural production for food supply, family income, and livelihood. Chan tong yves secretary of state, ministry of agriculture, forestry and fisheries vice chairman. The strategy defines eight main courses of action including 30 components and 104 areas of intervention. Agricultural development in cambodia and the ifaper. Nonagricultural land areas are either forested around 11 million hectares ha to various degrees, from fully mature primary forest to sparse secondary forest.
Other major crops include cassava, maize, mung bean, and soybean. A new partnership between the international financial corporation, londonbased mars food and local company battambang rice investment co. Cambodia has a predominantly rural population, with some 85 per cent of people living in rural areas. Country development cooperation strategy cambodia u. However, the productivity of this sector is still a big challenge. Unprocessed agricultural exports were projected to be more than 90 percent of total agricultural exports in 2015. Cambodias push to diversify its agricultural production has led to a boost in the output of subsidiary and industrial crops which now represent the largest share of. Rural livelihoods in cambodia are diverse and dynamic. Ministry of agriculture, forestry and fisheries, cambodia. Cambodian women play an important role in the agricultural sector, especially as the nations economic conditions continue to force many men to seek work overseas, according to experts.1400 780 1309 1392 1100 653 1323 1113 1210 231 1313 1470 1019 1032 524 72 128 1009 1357 1479 1073 1016 1500 1173 1368 1440 1181 870 935 567 1139 525 329