Diagnosis and treatment of plasmodium vivax malaria. India being a tropical country, parasitic infections especially with plasmodium species are very common in this region. Antimalarial drugs do not prevent infection and initial liver stage. Multidrug resistance and severecomplicated cases are the emerging phenotypes of vivax malaria, which may deteriorate current antimalarial control measures. When capitalised as a proper name, plasmodium is a genus of protozoan parasites responsible for such diseases as malaria. Plasmodium vivax is a parasite that causes human malaria. Insights provided by genomics, transcriptomics and proteomics article pdf available in frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology 8 february 2018 with 2,895 reads. Plasmodium vivax vaccine compositions 275220201wo1. It is one of several species of plasmodium parasites that infect humans, including also plasmodium falciparum and plasmodium vivax, responsible for most malarial infection.
Found worldwide, it causes a socalled benign malaria, not nearly as dangerous as that produced by p. Plasmodium vivax parasitic protozoan of the genus plasmodium that causes malaria in humans malaria parasite, plasmodium sporozoan parasitic. Plasmodium falciparum plasmodium vivax plasmodium malariae plasmodium ovale. Pdf we describe the case of congenital malaria by plasmodium vivax of a neonate of 25 days of age, who consults for fever and persistent jaundice. Capillary blood should be obtained by fingerstick, or venous blood should be obtained by venipuncture. There are approximately 156 named species of plasmodium which infect various species of vertebrates. However, there are periodic reports of simian malaria. Exflagellation usually occurs in vitro solely by changes in ph in the blood as it moves from the environment of the. E transmitido a seres humanos pela picada da femea do mosquito anopheles. Four species are considered true parasites of humans, as they utilize humans almost exclusively as a natural intermediate host. Plasmodium sp universidade federal do rio grande do sul.
Plasmodium vivax genotyping methodologies have been developed koepfli et al. Plasmodium vivax synonyms, plasmodium vivax pronunciation, plasmodium vivax translation, english dictionary definition of plasmodium vivax. It cycles between human and mosquito hosts to replicate. Plasmodium vivax is a protozoal parasite and a human pathogen.
The present case report is that of plasmodium vivax, plasmodium falciparum and dengue coinfection in a 6 months pregnant lady who was timely diagnosed and appropriately treated followed by a complete recovery along with fetomaternal wellbeing. Exflagellated microgametes of malarial parasites are know to occur in invertebrate hostmosquito. The two lineages had been categorized as old world and new world, based on geographical subdivision and genetic and. This parasite is the most frequent and widely distributed cause of recurring malaria. Malaria por plasmodium vivax malaria medicamentos con.
A case report of plasmodium vivax, plasmodium falciparum. Plasmodium vivax definition of plasmodium vivax by the. The emergence of these phenotypes could be associated with either of the two plasmodium vivax lineages. Patients exhibited cerebral malaria, renal failure, circulatory collapse, severe ane. A concomitant trend of increased hospitalization of p. Delay in preparation of smears can result in changes in parasite morphology and. A recurrent infection with a parasite with an identical p. Cases of exflagellation of malarial parasites have been reported in the literature 24, 7. However, there are periodic reports of simian malaria parasites.
Plasmodium falciparum wikipedia, a enciclopedia libre. Although it is less virulent than plasmodium falciparum, the deadliest of the five human malaria parasites, p. Exflagellated microgametes of plasmodium vivax in human. However, it is not found with the usual developmental phase in humans.450 781 1184 569 1454 443 496 276 1150 1433 1392 987 680 276 37 582 732 1266 20 203 944 707 432 664 934 1488 970 1202 759 56 661 22 770 67 1459 843 271 1102 644 452 5 1005 249 955 1174 341 1073 201 1436