An accessible introduction to the science of evolutionary psychology and how it. This aggregate term included the tradition of behaviorism in psychology. The eventual aim is to map human naturethat is, the speciestypical. The first is the society for applied evolutionary psychology, which numbers a few dozen individuals. Evolutionary psychology seeks to reconstruct problems that our ancestors faced in their primitive environments, and the problemsolving behaviors they created to meet those particular challenges. Evolutionary psychology primer by leda cosmides and john tooby. Evolutionary psychology, the study of behaviour, thought, and feeling as viewed through the lens of evolutionary biology. The purpose of evolutionary psychology is to identify evolved emotional and cognitive adaptations that represent human psychological nature. In contrast to the sssm, evolutionary psychologists assert that the mind. An accessible introduction to the science of evolutionary psychology and how it explains many aspects of human nature. The weakness of mckinnons book is that, by demolishing the bizarre doctrines of evolutionary psychology, she appears to believe that she has reestablished the sssm. This must read looks at the concepts of the blank slate, the noble savage, and the ghost in the machine in an exploration of morals, emotions, and politics. That is why organisms do things other than having sex. The evolutionary bases of consumption by gad saad applies darwinian principles in understanding our consumption patterns and the products of popular culture that most appeal to individuals.
Sssm is defined as standard social science model evolutionary psychology frequently. The cosmidestooby critique remains devastating, and the notion that culture is not constrained by human nature is just baldfacedly wrong. T he theory of evolution by natural selection has revolutionary implications for understanding the design of the human mind and brain, as darwin himself was the first to recognize darwin, 1859. The sssm is under challenge from evolutionary psychology ep which has mounted a critique of contemporary psychology because it has. Bright ideas and great writing on love, alliances, conflict, and development. Nesse an evolutjoni\ry perspective revolutionized our understanding of be havior over a generation jgo, but most tnental health clinicians and. Oct 19, 2011 as pinker 2005 opined, evolutionary biology isvery much related to psychology, more than botany to astronomy, this paper identifiessome of the benefits that marketers can gain from understanding the evolved consumerbehavior from evolutionary psychology perspective instead of sssm. Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that examines psychological structure from a modern evolutionary perspective. Cosmides and tooby, 1994, 1997 is the marriage of standard computational cognitive psychology as exemplified by chomskys computational linguistics, e. This is very different from maximizing health or longevity.
This aggregate term included the tradition of behaviorism in psychology represented by b. Paul gilbert, british journal of medical psychology, 66. As we know, the sssm insists that, for all practical purposes, human nature and thus human behavior is shaped by culture. However, the term evolutionary psychology has been used in the title of the book because it also has a general connotation. Evolutionary psychology is an approach to psychology, in which knowledge and principles from evolutionary biology are put to use in research on the structure of. This is the view that should be accepted in the mainstream, since there can be no evidence for the speculative stories of ep. Sssm standard social science model evolutionary psychology.
Evolutionary psychology and the generation of culture. Put less laconically, the sssm rests on three cardinal tenets two of them explicit, the third. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Adapting minds, evolutionary psychology as maladapted. The adapted mind is a very significant contribution to the field of evolutionary thinking on human psychology and culture. Find evolutionary psychology textbooks at up to 90% off.
The handbook of evolutionary psychology edited by david buss jolm wiley and sons, hoboken, nj, 2005 chapter 32 evolutionary psychology and mental health randolph 1\1. Welcoming behaviorism back into evolutionary psychology the. So it can be a great text to put evolutionary psychology into the greater perspective of brain structure, genes, and biology. Why evolutionary psychology wont work wallace, 2010. The positive argument involves the development of an explicit case for the coherency, scope, empirical adequacy, and explanatory depth of their evolutionary account of rape. Selection shapes brains that maximize the number of offspring who survive to reproduce themselves. Evolutionary psychology has been dominated by one particular method for studying the mind and behavior. The first and only scholarly work to do so, this is a captivating study of the adaptive reasons behind our behaviors, cognitions, emotions, and perceptions. The ne w science of the mind, 5e provides students with the conceptual tools of evolutionary psychology, and applies them to empirical research on the human mind. What this means for the discipline of evolutionary psychology is that b. Susan mckinnon is a cultural anthropologist and neoliberal genetics is her disparaging term for evolutionary psychology, a doctrine made famous by steven pinker, david buss, margo wilson, martin daly, john tooby, leda cosmides, and robert wright, among other academics in.
At the forthcoming annual meeting of the northeastern evolutionary psychology society neeps, which will be held in boston during april 912, i will be taking part in a symposium that is designed to integrate two societies for applied science. Another general criticism of thornhill and palmers evolutionary theory and the way it is presented is that they fail to adequately consider competing theories of rape. He is johnstone family professor in the department of psychology at harvard university, and is known for his advocacy of evolutionary psychology and. It brings together many wellwritten and scholarly chapters that do much to articulate the salient issues and give state of the art overviews. Eps see the sssm as the dominant theory in the social sciences and the one that has. Pdf standard social science model sssm of personality. How the mind works by steven pinker is one ofthe best books available today about the human mind. This is the first book to both question that monopoly and suggest a broad range of. Evolutionary psychology is the application of evolutionary theory to the study of human behaviour and makes the claim that our minds evolved to solve specific problems faced by our huntergatherer ancestors in a period known as the eea environment of evolutionary adaptation or adaptedness. The modern era of evolutionary psychology was ushered in, in particular, by donald symons 1979 book the evolution of human sexuality and leda.
Each chapter deals with a particular topic by illustrating how an evolutionary approach illuminates. Excellent introduction to evolutionary psychology, in part because of how well written it is and also in no small measure due to the force of the ideas the author introduces. How is standard social science model evolutionary psychology abbreviated. The sssm is under challenge from evolutionary psychology ep which has. Standard social science model criticisms criticisms richardson 2007 argues that evolutionary psychologists developed the sssm as a rhetorical technique. As pinker 2005 opined, evolutionary biology isvery much related to psychology, more than botany to astronomy, this paper identifiessome of the benefits that marketers can gain from understanding the evolved consumerbehavior from evolutionary psychology perspective instead of sssm. The goal of research in evolutionary psychology is to discover and understand the design of the human mind. Evolutionary psychology is an approach to psychology, in which knowledge and principles from evolutionary biology are put to use in research on the structure of the human mind. What are the best books about evolutionary psychology. In a rather cavalier fashion, they simply classify all rape theories that posit a central role for cultural andor learning factors as. Evolutionary psychology is the science that seeks to explain through universal mechanisms of behavior why humans act the way they do. The debate between the standard social science model sssm and evolutionary psychology ep sssm is the prevailing orthodoxy in anthropology, sociology, and has dominated psychology since the 1920s. Choose from used and new textbooks or get instant access with etextbooks and digital materials.
Steven arthur pinker born september 18, 1954 is a canadianamerican cognitive psychologist, linguist, and popular science author. The sssm is under challenge from evolutionary psychology ep which has mounted a critique of contemporary psychology because it has largely. Sep 11, 2017 one of the greatest wrong turns in modern evolutionary thought took place when two pioneers of evolutionary psychology, leda cosmides and john tooby, drew a distinction between their new school of thought and what they called the standard social science model sssm 1. The book gives an excellent introduction to cognitive science, which explores the human mind in terms of the composite fields of psychology, sociology, anthropology, biology, neuroscience, artificial intelligence, and. It is not an area of study, like vision, reasoning, or social behavior. Evolutionary psychology as currently practiced is often speculation disguised as results.
They locate their perspective by juxtaposing evolutionary psychology with what the term the standard social scientific model. Evolutionary psychology john tooby and leda cosmides the emergence of evolutionary psychology. Oct 17, 2009 wall street business magnate stephen chu, winner of the strathmores whos who registry honoring the most successful business tycoons in the world, says the demolisher betting system lived up exactly to its billing. Discover the best evolutionary psychology in best sellers. Evolutionary psychology and the standard social science model. The negative argument relies upon refuting what thornhill and palmer call the standard social science model sssm of rape. During this same period, the outlook of some psychologists and neuroscientists has been changed, to take a more evolutionary perspective. The term evolutionary psychology was coined by cosmides and her collaborators during the late 1980s, and has come into common use in the past five years or so. Skinner and traditions in anthropology and sociology that emphasized the openended nature of human cultural change, represented by. And when it comes to quality, behave is one of the best sources you can find. This is particularly evident when considering what has been dubbed the standard social science model sssm,5 a predominant view of the mind as a blank slate composed of general purpose, contentindependent learning and reasoning mechanisms. Books such as the symbolic species by terrence deacon7 and.
Evolutionary psychology is not a specific sub field of psychology, such as the study of vision, reasoning, or social behavior. The term standard social science model sssm was first introduced by john tooby and leda cosmides in the 1992 edited volume the adapted mind. How was the publication of darwins book the origin of species greeted by the. Overall, a must read book for those interested in evolutionary psychology. The eventual aim is to map human naturethat is, the speciestypical informationprocessing architecture of the human brain. And since evolutionary psychology is so central to human behavior, it also deals with evolutionary psychology. The basic move is evident in cosmides and toobys most aggressive brief for evolutionary psychology. The goal of research in evolutionary psychology is to discover, understand, and map the human mind as well as to explore the implications of these new discoveries for other fields. Cosmides and tooby the standard social science model sssm is the prevailing orthodoxy in anthropology, sociology, and has dominated psychology since the 1920s.
Unlike many books on the topic,which focus on abstractions like kin selection, this book focuses on darwinian explanations of why we are the way we areemotionally and morally. One of the greatest wrong turns in modern evolutionary thought took place when two pioneers of evolutionary psychology, leda cosmides and john tooby, drew a distinction between their new school of thought and what they called the standard social science model sssm 1. Problems with evolutionary psychology notpoliticallycorrect. Psychologists study processes of sense perception, thinking, learning, cognition, emotions and motivations, personality, abnormal behavior, interactions between individuals, and interactions with the environment. It is wideranging, extremely well written, and has an thorough bibliography. The second edition of evolutionary psychology is the only book on the market that shows the relevance of evolutionary thinking to the entire range of psychological phenomena, and it does so at a level appropriate for readers new to the field. Evolutionary psychology is an approach that views human nature as the product of a universal set of evolved psychological adaptations to recurring problems in the ancestral environment. Susan mckinnon is a cultural anthropologist and neoliberal genetics is her disparaging term for evolutionary psychology, a doctrine made famous by steven pinker, david buss, margo wilson, martin daly, john tooby, leda cosmides, and robert wright, among other academics in psychology, biology, and anthropology. In the handbook of evolutionary psychology, leading contributors discuss the foundations of the field as well as recent discoveries currently shaping this. A book s total score is based on multiple factors, including the number of people who have voted for it and how highly those voters ranked the book. Humanities 100 lecture notes on evolutionary psychology. Role of evolutionary psychology in consumer behaviour.
Evolutionary psychology is a theoretical approach in the social and natural sciences that. Evolutionary psychology and the standard social science. Find the top 100 most popular items in amazon books best sellers. List of books and articles about evolutionary psychology. They used sssm as a reference to social science philosophies related to the blank slate, relativism, social constructionism, and cultural determinism. Evolutionary psychology encyclopedia of libertarianism. In the same way, advoca tes of narrow evolutionary psychology argue that empirical psychology without an evolutionary perspective has no way to. Overview understanding the mind from an evolutionary. Evolutionary psychology is the approach of explaining human behavior based on the combination of evolutionary biology, anthropology, cognitive science, and the neurosciences. Books about evolutionary psychology written for a general audience. Evolutionary psychology and the persistent quest for human nature buller, 2006, evolutionary psychology as maladapted psychology richardson, 2007, and getting darwin wrong. Sssm stands for standard social science model evolutionary psychology. Content topics are logically arrayed, starting with challenges of survival, mating, parenting, and kinship.1239 1185 1417 1486 271 515 1383 1524 1074 1516 484 1206 1322 806 1165 34 593 1250 1366 705 400 177 1267 263 1184 1270 1 777 251 957 334 906 1466 366 194 1141 726 676 130 494 618 1019 1006 551 1289